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Research and theoretical papers
Published: 25-05-2016

Increasing Female Academics in Science in the United States: An Examination of Policies

Winthrop University

Kunsiri Chaw Grubbs

Assistant Professor of Biology

Winthrop University

202 Dalton Hall
Rock Hill, SC 29733, USA

UNC Charlotte

Samuel J. Grubbs

Doctoral Student, Public Policy Program

University of North Carolina at Charlotte

9201 University City Blvd.

Charlotte, NC 28223-0001, USA

gender equity higher education policy policy process women in science science academics


Women academics are underrepresented in science faculties at many colleges and universities in the United States. Efforts to improve the imbalance have been driven by institutional and national-level policies. This article highlights many of the policy efforts by considering the stages of policy process. The article also incorporates international differences in gender equity policy and shows how this issue can be an important part of the policy agenda in science faculties. Through an understanding of policy process, policy makers can find creative ways to grow the numbers of female science academics at universities around the country. This growth can help further expand the opportunities for future generations of female science academics.

How to Cite

Grubbs, K. C., & Grubbs, S. J. (2016). Increasing Female Academics in Science in the United States: An Examination of Policies. International Journal of Gender, Science and Technology, 8(2), 279–299. Retrieved from