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Research and theoretical papers
Published: 19-01-2022

Who Gets Counted as STEM? A New Approach for Measuring the STEM Workforce and its Implications for Identifying Gender Disparities in the Labor Market

RAND Corporation
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Drew Anderson

Department of Economics, Sociology, and Statistics
RAND Corporation
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Matthew Baird

Department of Economics, Sociology, and Statistics
Rice University
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Robert Bozick

Kinder Institute for Urban Research
STEM gender occupations labor force

Abstract

Defining who works in STEM has relied on top-down categorizations of occupations. This study takes a bottom-up approach and surveys a national sample of workers to classify their jobs. We identify a sizeable group of workers who are in the “periphery STEM workforce,” who report working in STEM jobs, but whose occupations are outside of STEM classifications. Using this approach, the gender gap in STEM workforce participation decreases substantially because women are more likely to work in the periphery. However, women in the periphery are compensated less than men, a fact invisible using the current classifications.

How to Cite

Anderson, Drew, Matthew Baird, and Robert Bozick. 2022. “Who Gets Counted As STEM? A New Approach for Measuring the STEM Workforce and Its Implications for Identifying Gender Disparities in the Labor Market”. International Journal of Gender, Science and Technology 13 (3):254-79. http://genderandset.open.ac.uk/index.php/genderandset/article/view/860.